You’ve probably seen many of the abbreviations surrounding electric vehicles; but perhaps you don’t know what these stand for or the science behind them? Here, we break down, in lehmans terms, everything you need to know so you can search for your next Electric car in confidence. Always remember, we are to help and if you have any questions you can drop us an email or pick up the phone and speak to our team.
An Electric Vehicle (EV) utilises an electric motor that is powered by a battery, typically recharged by being plugged into an external power source. The term Electric Vehicle refers to to any car that is powered by an electric motor, as opposed to a conventional petrol or diesel combustion engine.
The main types of Electric Vehicle are currently pure electric, a plug-in hybrid and a mild hybrid.
Internal Combustion Engine. Better known as a petrol or diesel vehicle. These are the vehicles the majority of people will be driving.
Battery Electric Vehicle. Also known as a pure electric, a BEV is a car that runs on 100% battery power. These vehicles require charging and have a real world battery range of 185-285 miles depending on the car and battery size. Charges come in various options with a variation of plug styles and the ability to “rapid charge”.
Benefits of a BEV:
- Longer electric range
- Cheapest running costs
- No emission
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle. A vehicle that runs on a battery and a combustion engine. The battery range on these vehicles is typically low, around 30 miles. Once the battery range is exhausted the engine switches on. These vehicles require charging and re-fueling to maximize efficiency, but if you don’t charge the vehicle you can still drive on the ICE engine.
Benefits of a PHEV:
- Longer driving range
- Low emissions
- 100% electric on short journeys
Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle. These are new to many manufacturers ranges in 2020/21 model year cars. The internal combustion engine is assisted by an electric motor. At low speed, or when stationary, the engine can switch itself off and the starter-generator seamlessly restarts when needed. The separate battery is automatically recharged by regenerative braking during coasting and braking (much akin to the KERS technology F1 has been using for many years). There is no requirement to connect the battery to a power source.
Benefits of a MHEV:
- Less range anxiety
- No external power source needed#
- Regenerative braking charging
One of the main reasons for purchasing an Electric Vehicle is the benefits they have on the environment as well as the economical savings that come with this.
Pure Electric Vehicles emits zero-emissions when in motion, although emissions are produced when charging the vehicle for example, so pure Electric Vehicles are often considered to be the ultra-low emission option.
Plug-in Hybrid and Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicles do emit more emissions however they are still much lower than a conventional engine.
Taxing an Electric Vehicle is much cheaper than it would be a conventional engine. The tax will depend entirely on the make and model of your vehicle. You can use a tax calculator to forecast the vehicle tax and congestion charges of any Electric Vehicle.
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