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Electric Vehicle Jargon Busting

You’ve probably seen many of the abbreviations surrounding electric vehicles; but perhaps you don’t know what stand for or the science behind them? Here we break down, in lehmans terms, everything you need to know so you can search for your next car in confidence. Always remember, we are to help and if you have any questions you can drop us an email or pick up the phone and speak to our team.


Internal Combustion Engine. Better known as a petrol or diesel vehicle. These are the vehicles the majority of people will be driving.


Battery Electric Vehicle. A car that runs on 100% battery power. These vehicles require charging and have a real world battery range of 185-285 miles depending on the car and battery size. Charges come in various options with a variation of plug styles and the ability to “rapid charge”


Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle. A vehicle that runs on a battery and a combustion engine. The battery range on these vehicles is typically low, around 30 miles. Once the battery range is exhausted the engine switches on. These vehicles require charging and re-fueling to maximize efficiency, but if you don’t charge the vehicle you can still drive on the ICE engine.


Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle. These are new to many manufacturers ranges in 2020/21 model year cars. The internal combustion engine is assisted by an electric motor. At low speed, or when stationary, the engine can switch itself off and the starter-generator seamlessly restarts when needed. The separate battery is automatically recharged by regenerative braking during coasting and braking (much akin to the KERS technology F1 has been using for many years). There is no requirement to connect the battery to a power source.

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